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Growth Of Industrial Parks In Mexico As An Effect Of Nearshoring

The nearshoring phenomenon has strengthened the commercial relationship between Mexico and the United States, reconfiguring the industrial and commercial markets.

This process has boosted the growth of industrial parks in Mexico from 273 in 2019 to 460 by the end of 2023, representing a 70% increase in just four years. This accelerated growth implies a higher energy demand, which currently stands at 9,900 gigawatt-hours annually, and requires a significant expansion of generation, transmission, and distribution infrastructure.

The accelerated growth of industrial parks in Mexico presents a significant challenge in terms of energy supply, which is crucial to maintaining the dynamism of the industrial sector which contributes 32% of the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP). According to data from the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI), Mexican industry -including mining, manufacturing, and construction- is a fundamental pillar of the national economy, but its development is threatened by problems in the supply of electricity.

A recent study by the Mexican Association of Private Industrial Parks (AMPIP) reveals that 91% of the country's industrial parks experienced power failures during the past year. This problem is particularly acute in key regions such as Mexico City, Nuevo Leon, Coahuila, Chihuahua, Guanajuato, and Jalisco. The situation is particularly alarming given that the industrial sector consumes 62% of the country's electricity, according to the National Electricity System Development Program (PRODESEN).

The growth of industrial parks in Mexico presents considerable challenges in terms of energy supply, but also offers opportunities to innovate and adopt sustainable solutions that ensure continuous and environmentally responsible economic development.